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Cannabis is not new to people. Back in the day, natives used to consume the natural compound recreationally. However, with more ongoing research and studies underway, several medicinal potentials arrived, because of which federal authorities have made significant changes in their drug regulations. Besides, it does not end here. Many cannabis derivatives also exist, allowing people to have more options.

What are cannabis concentrates?

Simply put, concentrates are marijuana extracts that comprise concentrated psychoactive THC and various other terpenes and cannabinoids. Even though most concentrates come through modern technologies and several extraction methods, they have an established and extensive history. As per research, the use of cannabis concentrates dates back to 10,000 B.C. in China’s Steppe Mountains. Due to their historical relevance, the demand and popularity of cannabis concentrate, such as wax, hash, kief, shatter, dabs, and many more, have significantly increased in modern times. These concentrates add an innovative way for seasoned users to experiment with their high intensity and seek the taste of different terpene profiles.

Further, there are solventless concentrates originating from the marijuana plant. While you can differentiate concentrates by texture and appearance, the primary difference lies in the process through which they can. Their end products’ chemical and biological makeup goes through the extraction method, which impacts the taste.

Solvent-Based Extraction

Many have reported that concentrates are not clean since they have undergone butane or propane use. However, things can go south if you produce them through DIY methods. Many certified technicians and advanced technology-certified labs use specific solvents to eliminate airborne chemical exposure during such an extraction method. Furthermore, solvent-based extraction also ensures that the end products are more potent. Yet another process within this method is purging, which eliminates any residual solvent, even if you are utilizing butane, propane, CO2, or alcohol as a solvent. The term ‘purging’ refers to vacuuming, hand-whipping, or evaporation.

Solventless Extraction

As the term suggests, this extraction method extracts terpenes and cannabinoids without using solvents. One of the most standard solventless methods is ice to cool off marijuana flowers to temperatures below zero degrees. Such a method agitates resin glands, detaching them from the epidermis of flowers.

Common Types of Cannabis Concentrates?


Shatter is a clear, smooth, and solid substance, considered the most potent and purest form, which you can acquire from any best online weed dispensary. That is because it comprises the second extraction process, which eliminates lipids, fats, and waxes. The end product may have around 80 percent THC. Besides, it simply means you could lose all the terpenes in the process.

Moreover, shatter also refers directly to one of the finished products that can look like a slab of maple syrup chip or toffee. In addition, some types are also comparable to honey or wax. As a result, people use the names, honey, oil, or budder on the streets for such a concentrate. So, now you know why, right?

Cannabis concentrates are typically labeled depending on texture and color. Here, shatter is an orange color that derives the name from transparent glass-like surfaces that “shatter” as they are split to be used. It is not that technical, though. When you read about it, it does make a lot of sense. So, what are you waiting for?

How to make Shatter?

Contrary to standard opinion, the transparency of shatter does not imply purity but is rather the end outcome of how it’s made. Having said that, the process of producing this concentrate is relatively straightforward. It comprises soaking marijuana buds and then trimming them with liquid butane. This is done to separate trichomes from the plant. Post that, the mixture is heated and extracted to eliminate butane in a higher amount.

Moving on, the removed mixture is left to stabilize and rest to form thin extract layers. In the end, you will come across a finished product that resembles a honeycomb-like glass sheet, known as Shatter.

THC or Hash Oil

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Specialists use THC or hash oil to categorize every kind of oil extract produced from the marijuana plant. One can make THC or hash oil with alcohol and extract it through the plant’s resins. These resins tend to dissolve in alcohol in the extraction process and post that, the alcohol evaporates, leaving a syrupy, thick residue. The more potent your flower is in THC, the higher THC you will find in the oil.

The potential advantages of hash oil are relatively similar to those related to marijuana. Hash oil might trigger euphoria and assist in treating nausea, pain, and inflammation. While hash oil is more robust than other forms of cannabis, its effects can be more substantial. As a result, it could offer more significant symptom relief for users who utilize marijuana to treat medical conditions like cancer or chronic pain.

Uses of hash oil

There are various ways users use hash oil. Dabbing refers to using a unique pipe to vaporize and heat hash oil. Sometimes reckoned as an “oil rig” or a “rig,” this is one of the apparatus consisting of water pipes with hollow “nails” that can fit into a pipe’s gauge. In an alternative way, some users tend to use smaller metal plates called a “swing.”

Heat the swing or nail typically with small blow torches. Then a meager amount of hash oil is put to its surface with a dabber. Speaking of which, with the heat, the hash oil vaporizes and gets inhaled through a pipe, usually inhaled in single breaths. This method is more dangerous than other methods due to the blowtorch, which could lead to burns.

THC oil can also be vaporized, smoked, applied, or ingested to the skin.

Wax (Crumble, Budder, Honeycomb)

Unlike shatter, wax loses its transparency level through extraction methods. Cannabis wax, such as crumble, honeycomb, and budder, has different consistencies based on the oil’s moisture, heat, and texture. Meanwhile, runnier oils contain more moisture, which allows them to form gooey waxes, often referred to as ‘budder,’ and harder ones with a brittle texture become honeycomb or crumble.

Some waxes can retain more flavor and terpenes based on their THC percentages. So, it is essential to choose the consistency and type to determine the form of wax you would want to consume. Dabbing is one of the most popular ways to consume extracts and concentrates. That is because concentrates are relatively more potent than flowers. Moreover, dabbing crumble or wax offers a much more substantial impact. In addition, while dabbing uses a considerable temperature to vaporize wax rather than burning it, its aromas and flavors tend to be more robust and much cleaner. 

Besides, when you dab crumbles, it follows the same process as various other concentrates: heat the nails, scoop crumble onto it, and inhale that vapor. The vital difference here is that it’s better to utilize a spoon-shaped dabber as compared to a flat-tipped dabber. Having said that, this makes it straightforward to scoop the crumble and get it onto the nails without the crumble extract falling off.


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Dabs are a form of cannabis dose made by extracting THC and various other cannabinoids. To produce dabs, you can use solvents like CO2 or butane. Consider heating marijuana dabs and wax on a hot surface to inhale the end-product through a dab rig. Since the modern age calls for modern consumption methods, several users are already familiar with smoking dabs. However, with advanced extraction techniques, users can consume various cannabis concentrates without thinking much.

Other Cannabis Concentrates:

Kief (Pollen, Dry Sift)

Kief is a tiny, sticky crystal that covers cannabis flowers. Because of the high concentration of cannabinoids and terpenes in resin glands, distinguishing and separating these crystals from the cannabis plant matter is an ideal way to consume the substance while lowering the amount of this charred material.

Hash (Ice Water Hash, Hashish, Bubble Hash)

Simply put, the extracted hash is typically kief that has undergone a pressurizing and heating process to form a green softball. Applying pressure and heat against kief changes its compound structure by rupturing resin glands, producing various other consistencies.

The Bottom Line

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Cannabis comes with several other derivatives and concentrates that users can consume using various methods. While some can be different in consistency and THC levels, others are easier to stage because of their physical product. On the other hand, it is essential to understand that consuming such cannabis extracts can be detrimental too. However, when you consume them in limited proportions, you can ideally benefit from their effects and experience their recreational front with ease. In the end, if you have any ongoing medication you are worrying about, consult your healthcare provider or an expert for more information on the dosage and combinations of medication and supplements.